Motivational Interviewing in group work on risk behaviors
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Ośrodek Dialogu Motywującego
Cezary Barański   

Ośrodek Dialogu Motywującego, Os. Oświecenia 14/1, 31-635 Kraków, Polska
Submission date: 2016-06-25
Final revision date: 2016-08-01
Acceptance date: 2016-09-15
Publication date: 2016-09-21
Psychoter 2016;178(3):37–52
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a counselling and therapy method based on empirical research (EBP). MI has a well-documented efficacy in individual work with clients showing risk behaviors (substance abuse, behavioral addictions, aggressive behaviors, sexual risk behaviors). Its effectiveness stems from a combination of humanistic psychotherapy of Carl Rogers and specific tools identified during years of studies on motivation in psychotherapy focusing foremost on pro-health behavior. The article presents motivational approach and proposed guidelines for the group work in risk behaviors along with description of its philosophical background, tools, therapist role and work. Author brings up methods congruent with MI spirit and describes correlation between presence of specific phrases (change talk) in clients narrative and introducing actual change in ones life. Article proposes certain frame to MI group work including characteristic steps of motivation progress in its members and key elements in preselection and group forming. It is an attempt to describe the capabilities and limitations of MI work in the context of the authors own experience in working with groups as well as other theoretical approaches to group work.