Online psychotherapy: a challenge for ethics
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Zakład Psychologii Stosowanej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie
Studenckie Koło Naukowe Badań nad Jakością Życia przy Zakładzie Psychologii Stosowanej Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Lublinie
Submission date: 2016-06-24
Final revision date: 2016-08-12
Acceptance date: 2016-09-23
Publication date: 2016-09-21
Corresponding author
Agata Madej   

Zakład Psychologii Stosowanej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie, ul. W. Chodźki 15, 20-093 Lublin, Polska
Psychoter 2016;178(3):31-36
Purpose of research. Internet is the natural environment for many people. Experienced difficulties (failures in personal life, crises, emotional discomfort) are entered first in the search engine. The search for answers often leads to sites offering online psychotherapy. E-psychotherapy is not very labor-intensive and is a fast way to get therapeutic help. The main goal we set upon ourselves is to look at the ethical issues of the above-mentioned form of the providing psychotherapy services. In spite of many advantages (such as comfort, ease of access to specialists, search speed), does this work allow for ethical behavior towards the patient and full utilization of psychotherapy at the same time? Method. Using electronic databases, like Web of Science, PubMed, Medline Complete, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I, we searched the Polish and foreign references from the years 2000-2016. Results. The obtained result is a database consisting of 671 articles, whose abstracts were checked for relevance. Inclusion criteria encompassed reviews of scientific articles and clinical reviews with content on ethics in online therapy. Ultimately, we selected 31 works. Conclusions. It is important to carry out mandatory training for e-therapists, introduce certificate to confirm qualifications, as well as create a public database containing e-therapists' personal data. Lack of security of e-therapy poses a threat to the personal data of patients, which in turn can cause more problems than it would bring benefits.
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