How do adolescents cope with crisis situations? Preliminary reports from a study of adolescents with depressive and anxiety disorders.
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Instytut Psychologii Stosowanej UJ
Centrum Zdrowia Psychicznego Szpitala im. L. Rydygiera w Krakowie
Poradnia Psychologiczno Pedagogiczna nr 3 w Krakowie
Poradnia Zdrowia Psychicznego dla Dzieci i Młodzieży szpitala im. L. Rydygiera w Krakowie
Submission date: 2021-11-24
Final revision date: 2022-02-06
Acceptance date: 2022-02-07
Publication date: 2022-04-16
Corresponding author
Agnieszka Lelek   

Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Psychoter 2021;199(4):49-63
The occurrence of the mental disorders in adolescence increases the risk of their presence in adulthood. The study aimed to analyze the relationship between anxiety and depression symptoms in adolescents, the type of crisis situations in the family or peer environment, and their relationship with coping patterns.

The study included 41 adolescents (11-18 years old) who came for psychological help because of depressive and anxiety disorders. Respondents completed: Crisis Events Questionnaire, Questionnaire for the Diagnosis of Depression in Children and Adolescents-shortened version (CDI2), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAIC/STAI - age appropriate), How do you cope?

The subjective perception of experienced difficulties is of greater importance than the number of difficulties in itself. The perception of crises correlates with higher anxiety and depression. According to the teenagers, crisis situations within their peer groups are more relevant than crisis situations within families. Strained relationships with peers are related to higher state and trait anxiety. The perceived impact of crises within families does not correlate with anxiety and depression. There is a relationship between the types of crises (within peer groups or families) and the coping strategies.

The results advance the current state of knowledge regarding development norms occurring in the adolescence. A link between experiencing crises, types of coping strategies, and anxiety and depressive disorders have been observed. The importance of crises within adolescent peer groups is emphasized. The concluding remarks can be used in planning therapeutic interventions, which should address peer relationships and group interactions.

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