Security of attachment and adolescents' depression
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Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej
Submission date: 2017-02-22
Final revision date: 2017-04-01
Acceptance date: 2017-05-08
Publication date: 2017-08-31
Corresponding author
Anna Wendołowska   

Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Zgodna 80, Libertów, 30-444 Kraków, Polska
Psychoter 2017;181(2):87–102
The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of internal working models in the prediction of depression. Insecure attachment has been theorized to form a vulnerability factor for the emergence of depressive symptoms.

This study examined the association of attachment style with depressive symptoms among early adolescents 12–15 years of age (N= 84). For the assessment of attachment style and depressive symptoms, the Adult Attachment Interview (George, Kaplan, Main), and the Child Depression Inventory (Kovacs) were used.

As expected, insecurely attached adolescents more often reported the depressive symptoms (52,3%). 58,8% of the securely attached did not manifest any symptoms of depression. In the group of the continuous secure adolescents, there were 71,4% of non-depressive ones. 50% individuals in the earned secure category did not report any depressive symptoms, and the other 50% expressed light depressive symptoms. There were no cases of severe depression among representants of both: continuous secure and earned secure styles.

Bowlby’s attachment theory provides in-depth understanding into the development of working models of the self and the others. Secure attachment is significantly correlated with high self-esteem, effective affect regulation and better adolescence adjustment. The continuous secure category seems to function as a more effective protector against depression comparing to the earned secure one. However no cases of severe depression among earned secure individuals confirm weightiness of the quality of attachment in a healthy development.