Predictors of sense of self-dignity in late adulthood.
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Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej, Instytut Psychologii, Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego Jana Pawła II
Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej Dorosłych Instytut Psychologii Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Submission date: 2017-10-10
Final revision date: 2017-11-20
Acceptance date: 2017-11-26
Publication date: 2018-01-24
Corresponding author
Paweł Jan Brudek   

Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej, Instytut Psychologii, KUL Jana Pawła II, Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej; Instytut Psychologii KUL, Aleje Racławickie 14, 20-950 Lublin, Polska
Psychoter 2017;183(4):81–92
The results of the research carried out by the Authors were presented in this article. People (N=315) in late adulthood (60-75 years old) participated in the research. Its primary goal was to identify the predictors of the sense of self-dignity. Their distinction was supported by L. Tornstam theory of gerotranscendence.

Four psychological methods were applied in the discussed project, namely : (1) Questionnaire of Sens of Self-Dignity (QSSD-3); (2) Religious Meaning System Scale (RMSS); (3) Life Review Questionnaire (LRQ); (4) Marital Offence-Specific Forgiveness Scale (MOFS).

The analyzes revealed that among the distinguished psychological variables, the role of the predictor of sense of self-dignity in late adulthood is fulfilled by the religious meaning system and the positive dimension of forgiveness in marriage.

The transformations of the spiritual and social dimension of the elderly's life, postulated by the theory of gerotranscendence, suggest that religiousness and willingness to forgive can serve as supporting factors for building and committing the sense of self-dignity in this group of people. The findings obtained in the research may be a significant back-up for psychologists and therapists while defining ways of therapeutic actions taken towards the elderly people whose overall and adequate sense of self-dignity assessment may deteriorate along with negative changes connected with aging.