New trends in psychotherapy. The role of time perspective in mental health and practiced therapeutic interventions.
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Instytut Psychologii Stosowanej, Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Katedra Psychiatrii, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum
Submission date: 2017-11-28
Acceptance date: 2018-01-11
Publication date: 2018-05-28
Corresponding author
Joanna Mostowik   

Instytut Psychologii Stosowanej, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Krowoderskich Zuchów 9/30, 31-271 Cracow, Polska
Psychoter 2018;184(1):17–29
The concept of time in the psychotherapy process has an important role not only in organizational aspects, determining a framework related to the paradigm of treatment represented by a psychotherapist, and to the length of psychotherapy (therapeutic setting), but also in the way the patient perceives life events. Although the number of available publications with time perspective theory (P. Zimbardo, J. Boyd) in clinical area is not exhaustive, the results of research clearly indicate its importance in the clinical picture among different diagnostic groups. The significance of the discussed theory in practical psychotherapy interventions is included into different working techniques with time metaphors and therapies like Time Perspective Therapy – TPT, Mindfulness Based Cognitive Psychotherapy - MBCT or Future Directed Therapy. The purpose of the paper is to present an overview of the research including the role of time perspective in psychopathology, a description of the mentioned psychotherapeutic forms, and consideration of possibilities and limitations of including particular therapeutic interventions based on time concept into the psychotherapy process and creating new therapeutic directions.