Traces of family experience in the body image – a case study of a young woman
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Klinika Psychiatrii, Szpital Uniwersytecki nr 1 im. dr. A. Jurasza w Bydgoszczy
Submission date: 2016-10-13
Final revision date: 2019-10-25
Acceptance date: 2019-10-27
Publication date: 2019-12-27
Psychoter 2019;190(3):53–71
The aim of the paper is to present the case of a woman with a negative body image in the context of her experiences emerging from her family of origin. The author presents the view that traces of family experience can be found in the female body image. The presented literature overview justifies this argument. Phenomenological analysis of experiencing the body by a young adult woman was carried out based on an interview, observation, questionnaires, and projective tools for the study of body image and family relationships. The author used the systemic perspective and attachment theory to explain the feelings, behaviours, and thoughts of the tested person about her body. The body image of the woman presented in this case study was varied, but largely negative, and family relationships can be described as distanced and difficult in terms of regulating emotions. The family also faced psychopathology in the form of alcohol addiction and domestic violence. In accordance with the adopted theoretical perspective, both family functioning and the quality of the relationships with the mother and the father of the young woman seemed to be linked and warrant the described manifestations of experiencing her own body. This analysis allows us to conclude that family perspective should be taken into account from the view of a person’s body image as well as from the view of the treatment of problems connected with experiencing one’s own body.