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Stress coping styles, self-esteem and hope for success of people in late adulthood and of different specificity of life review
 
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Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej, Instytut Psychologii, KUL
 
 
Submission date: 2016-03-05
 
 
Final revision date: 2016-03-20
 
 
Acceptance date: 2016-05-19
 
 
Publication date: 2016-06-16
 
 
Corresponding author
Paweł Brudek   

Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej, Instytut Psychologii, KUL Jana Pawła II, Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej; Instytut Psychologii KUL, Aleje Racławickie 14, 20-950 Lublin, Polska
 
 
Psychoter 2016;176(1):87–102
 
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ABSTRACT
Objectives:
The results of the research done by the Authors were presented in this article. People (N = 120) in late adulthood (60-75 years old) who differ in global estimation of their hitherto lives took part in the research. Its primary goal was to identify the differences between four groups of seniors with various specificity of life review in the range of coping with old age stress, self-esteem and the level of hope for success.

Methods:
Four psychological methods were applied in the discussed project, such as: (1) Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS); (2) Self-Esteem Scale (SES); (3) State Hope Scale (KNS); (4) Life Review Questionnaire (LRQ) created by Izdebski and Polak.

Results:
Subjects interviewed with various life reviews differed between each other when it came to choose stress coping styles and hope for success, both on the level of general index and its two dimensions. No statistically significant differences in the range of self-esteem were stated. The presented differences referred mainly to people with a totally different life review. Individuals with a very positive life review had less emotional or evasive attitude towards the problem than those estimating their hitherto life in a very negative way. They had also a stronger belief in positive achievement of their goals.

Conclusions:
If elderly people have positive life review, they are more likely to adapt in stressful situations connected with age specificity. The findings obtained in the research may present a significant back-up for psychologists and therapists while defining ways of therapeutic actions taken towards elderly people having problems with overall and adequate life review estimation.

eISSN:2391-5862
ISSN:0239-4170